What is a viscose fabric?
Conventional viscose when not made into fabric they are called rayon, but when they become a rayon fabric will be called viscose, this is a semi-synthetic fabric. Before being clothed, rayon was a liquid like honey that, after being cooled, became solid.
The material used to make fibers is the fiber of regenerated cellulose fibers from trees such as soybeans, sugarcane, bamboo, … Viscose has a structure similar to cotton and is widely used in many fields.
Viscose fabric production process
Step 1: Grind cellulose raw material, then dissolve it in sodium hydroxide solution to form alkaline cellulose. Impurities are removed in the process. To achieve purity, the cellulose ratio must reach 90%.
Step 2: Alkaline cellulose is treated with carbon disulfide to form cellulose natrixanthate. Rayon fibers are then produced from solutions from mineral acids such as sulfuric acid, in this process, the xanthate groups are broken down to regenerate cellulose and release dithiocarbonic acids.
Step 3: The condensate solution is pushed through the extruder to produce viscose fibers. These are called derivative cellulose fibers. The fibers are soaked in sulfuric acid solution then pulled and washed
Step 4: Viscose fiber will be pulled into and weaved into large size fabric for use.
Viscose fabric properties
Advantages of material
Viscose fabric uses natural wood pulp, so it has a much higher biodegradability than artificial fabrics such as nylon, polyester …
Viscose fabric is relatively light, with excellent moisture-absorbing air, bringing the best comfort to the user. This is an ideal material to produce tissue, suitable for carrying when users need to move a lot
The burning pain and discomfort caused by the rough surface is minimized when using this product. Material suitable for all subjects. You can use a tissue made of viscose cloth to wipe sweat, clean your face. Towels for both adults and children are suitable and safe.
Resistant to acids
Viscose is resistant to acids. Viscose costumes also keep in good shape, you can use the washing machine to save effort and time cleaning.
Disadvantages of material
Due to being made of wood pulp, viscose fabric is very flammable. The abrasion resistance of the fabric is also very poor.
Easy to relax
Viscose fabric has an unimpressive strength, easy to stretch, and difficult to restore its shape.
Viscose fabric classification
This is the most used fabric, applied in the garment industry, home furnishings such as tablecloths, curtains, to the manufacture of cleaning cloths, towels, disposable face towels. …
Viscose HWM Rayon fabric
This Viscose fabric has very high moisture absorption, high durability to avoid stretching when washing a lot
High strength Rayon is used mainly in industrial textiles that require durability and withstand large loads or products such as tires, automobile belts.
Application of viscose fabric
Application in the garment industry
Viscose fabric is commonly used in the textile industry to replace silk, lowering production costs. Products using this material include ski wear, casual clothing, shirts, and lightweight jackets. In addition, fabrics are used to create sheets, blankets, and curtains.
In particular, with the above outstanding features, viscose fabric is a suitable material for the production of compressed paper towels, compressed face towels …
Thanks to its flexibility in production, low cost, viscose is used in many other fields such as cellophane production, sausage cases, tires, car belts, …